By Eric Von Hippel
It has lengthy been assumed that new product techniques are usually constructed by means of product brands, an assumption that has unavoidably had a huge influence on innovation-related study and actions starting from how organizations arrange their examine and improvement to how governments degree innovation. during this synthesis of his seminal study, von Hippel demanding situations that easy assumption and demonstrates that innovation happens in other places in several industries. proposing a chain of experiences displaying that end-users, fabric providers, and others are the common resources of innovation in a few fields, von Hippel explores why this alteration within the "functional" resources of innovation happens and the way it would be anticipated. He additionally proposes and checks a few implications of exchanging a manufacturer-as-innovator assumption with a view of the innovation strategy as predictably allotted throughout clients, brands, and providers. Innovation, he argues, will occur the place there's maximum financial profit to the innovator.
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Extra info for The Sources of Innovation, 1988-03
These 7 basic innovations were included in the sample. Finally, experts were asked to identify the single most important improvement that had been developed for each innovation up to the present day, and these were included in the sample as related major improvement innovations. These 14 innovations are shown in Table 3-12. Findings Careful study showed that supplier innovation did indeed exist. As can be seen in Table 3-13, about one third of both innovation samples had been The Sources of Innovation 40 TABLE 3-12.
After all, accurate knowledge of who the innovator is is essential to much innovation research and practice. Notes 1. : National Academy of Sciences, 1965), 88. 2. S. S. Government Printing Office, 1982). 3. The experts consulted were, on the manufacturer side, senior scientists and/or R & D managers who had a long-time (approximately 20 years) specialization in the instrument family at issue and whose companies have (or, in the case of electron microscopy, once had) a share of the market for that instrument family.
1984). 11. E. Raymond Corey, The Development of Markets for New Materials:A Study of Building New End-Product Markets for Aluminum, Fibrous Glass, and the Plastics (Boston: Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, 1956). 12. Brian Shaw, "The Role of the Interaction Between the User and the Manufacturer in Medical Equipment Innovation," R & D Management 15, no. 4 (October 1985): 283-92. 13. Ronald E. Rice and Everett M. Rogers, "Reinvention in the Innovation Process," Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization 1, no.