By Shannon H. Wilson
The motto of Berea collage is "God has made up of one blood all peoples of the earth," a word underlying Berea's 150-year dedication to egalitarian schooling. the 1st interracial and coeducational undergraduate establishment within the South, Berea university is widely known for its challenge to supply scholars the chance to paintings in trade for a tuition-free caliber schooling. The founders believed that participation in guide exertions blurred differences of sophistication; mixed with learn and rest, it helped strengthen self reliant, industrious, and cutting edge graduates dedicated to serving their groups. those values nonetheless carry this day as Berea keeps its mythical dedication to equality, variety, and cultural renovation and, whilst, expands its undertaking to incorporate twenty-first-century matters, corresponding to ecological sustainability. In Berea university: An Illustrated heritage, Shannon H. Wilson unfolds the saga of 1 of Kentucky's such a lot unusual associations of upper schooling, centering his narrative at the 8 presidents who've served Berea. The college's founder, John G. rate, used to be a staunch abolitionist and believer in Christian egalitarianism who sought to construct a school that "would be to Kentucky what Oberlin used to be to Ohio, antislavery, anti-caste, anti-rum, anti-sin." certainly, the relationship to Oberlin is clear within the college's abolitionist roots and dedication to education African American academics, preachers, and business leaders. Black and white scholars lived, labored, and studied jointly in interracial dorms and school rooms; the level of Berea's reformist dedication is most blatant in an 1872 coverage permitting interracial courting and intermarriage between its scholar physique. even if the ratio of black to white scholars was once approximately equivalent within the college's first 20 years, this early dedication to the schooling of African american citizens was once shattered in 1904, while the Day legislations prohibited the races from attending college jointly. Berea fought the legislations till it misplaced within the U.S. splendid court docket in 1908 yet later lower back to its dedication to interracial schooling in 1950, whilst it turned the 1st undergraduate collage in Kentucky to confess African americans. Berea's 3rd president, William Goodell Frost, shifted recognition towards "Appalachian the United States" in the course of the period in-between, and this venture to arrive out to Appalachians maintains this day. Wilson additionally chronicles the production of Berea's many special courses designed to serve women and men in Kentucky and past. a school extension application carried Berea's academic possibilities into mountain groups. Later, the hot chance institution for ladies was once manage to assist grownup ladies go back to the task industry by way of supplying them occupation workshops, activity adventure on campus, and academic and cultural enrichment possibilities. extra lately, the school constructed the Black Mountain formative years management software, designed to lessen the isolation of African american citizens in Appalachia and inspire cultural literacy, educational fulfillment, and neighborhood carrier. Berea university explores the tradition and background of 1 of America's most unusual associations of upper studying. Complemented through greater than one hundred eighty ancient pictures, Wilson's narrative records Berea's majestic and encouraging tale.
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Extra resources for Berea College: An Illustrated History
This nearly equal racial ratio would continue well into the 1880s. As the students increased in number, so did the buildings, most of them constructed from lumber produced by John Hanson’s sawmill. ”51 Linking Together Many Devoted Lives When the college was ofﬁcially chartered in April 1866, new trustees had to be elected to ﬁll vacancies that had occurred during the war. Only four of the original constitutional signers remained—Fee, who served as 23 24 A view of Berea’s early classroom buildings.
33 The founders made clear that no sectarian test would be applied to trustees, presidents, First Fee home. The Fee home not only housed John G. and Matilda Fee and their children, but it also served as a meeting place for trustees and faculty. Angus Burleigh and other African American students boarded here, too. 20 berea college Exile and Return This list of Berea exiles has been attributed to Cassius Clay. The Fees, Rogerses, and Hansons are at the head of the list. Many of the exiles settled in southern Ohio.
56 Many Berea students taught school as a means of earning money for their own studies; they spent years in and out of school and in some cases never completed their degrees. The need for teachers was so great that they did what they could with what they had gained from Berea. ”57 Obtaining ﬁnancial support for providing these services to the region required considerable effort. Fee and Rogers wrote letters to individuals, produced items for newspapers, and occasionally, “when driven . . ”58 Much of the funding and promotional support came through the American Missionary Association, which paid the salaries of several Berea workers and published the letters and reports of Fee, Rogers, and others in the pages of the American Missionary.