By John H. Thomas III (auth.), Alvin W. Czanderna, Theodore E. Madey, Cedric J. Powell (eds.)
Many books can be found that aspect the elemental rules of different tools of floor characterization. nevertheless, the clinical literature presents a source of ways person items of analysis are performed through specific labo- tories. among those extremes the literature is skinny however it is right here that the current quantity very easily sits. either the newcomer and the extra mature scientist will locate in those chapters a wealth of aspect in addition to recommendation and normal counsel of the vital phenomena proper to the research of actual samples. within the research of samples, useful analysts have quite easy types of ways every little thing works. Superimposed in this perfect global is an figuring out of ways the parameters of the dimension approach, the instrumentation, and the char- teristics of the pattern distort this perfect international into anything much less special, much less managed, and not more understood. The information given in those chapters permits the scientist to appreciate easy methods to receive the main exact and understood measu- ments which are at present attainable and, the place there are inevitable difficulties, to have transparent advice because the quantity of the matter and its most probably behavior.
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Extra info for Beam Effects, Surface Topography, and Depth Profiling in Surface Analysis
Clark, A. Dilks, and H. R. Thomas, Dev. Polym. Degrad. 1, 87 (1977). 79. M. Kaplan, Polym. Eng. Sci. 23, 957 (1983). 80. G. Scott, in: Ultraviolet Light Induced Reactions in Polymers, (S. S. ), Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Series; Vol. 25, American Chemical Society, Washington DC (1976), Chap. 24. 81. H. P. Chang and J. H. Thomas III, J. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 26, 203 (1982). 82. Z. Mayer, J. Macromol. Sci. Rev. Macromol. Chem. 10, 263 (1974). 83. J. F. Rabek, B. Ranby, B. Ostensson, and P. Flodin, J.
1. Electron-Stimulated Desorption Electron-stimulated desorption (ESD) is largely a monolayer effect wherein atomic or molecular species are ejected from the surface during electron irradiation and, thereby, the surface composition or chemical structure of surface molecules is altered. It can be viewed as a multiple-step process involving electronic excitation of surface species followed either by escape of an excited fragment or by deexcitation and recapture at the surface. Desorption occurs whenever the excitation process leads to repulsive interactions between the excited species and surface.
Muilenberg, Handbook of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Perkin-Elmer, Eden Prairie MN (1979); J. F. Moulder, W. F. Stickle, P. E. Sobol, and K. D. Bomben, Handbook of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Perkin-Elmer, Eden Prairie MN (1992). J. E. Castle and R. H. West, J. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 16, 195 (1979). C. D. Wagner and J. A. Taylor, J. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 28, 211 (1982); J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 1(l983). N. F. Mott and R. W. Gurney, Electronic Processes in Ionic Crystals, Oxford University Press (1948).