Download PDF by C.D. Cowan: Asia: Economic Development of China and Japan

By C.D. Cowan

First released in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Extra resources for Asia: Economic Development of China and Japan

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Those passing through Kalgan were to obtain passes from the CKa-ha-er tu-fung (Manchu General-in-Chief of Chahar); those from Shansi were under the control of the Kuei-hua-ch'eng chiangchun (Manchu General-in-Chief at Kuei-hua), and those in the east under the Dolon-nor sub-prefect. The licence was itemized, including the first and last names of the merchant, the goods he had for trade, listed by kind and quantity, his origin, as well as the time he started his journey. 3 Each official would examine the licence (p'iao) and make sure that the goods and data tallied with the recorded data on the licence.

With the exception of three major and several minor, interruptions, the trade continued until 1854 on a barter basis. 1 Russko-Kitaiskie otnosheniya 1689-1916: ofitsiaVnye dokumenty (Moscow, 1958), p. 19. 2 As only one example of the growth of trade which took place with the establishment of Kiakhta, we cite the fact that furs exported to China through Kiakhta in 1735 amounted to 423,035 rubles, while in 1759 this figure had reached 1,175,364 rubles. See Kh. Trusevich, PosoVskiya i torgovvya snosheniya Rossii s Kitaem {do XIX veka), (Moscow, 1882), p.

270-1. Tn explicable chiefly in terms of the Commutation Act of August 20, 1784. In 1792 Russian imports of tea at Kiakhta mounted to only 540,236 silver rubles, or 246,753 taels. ), 57-6 per cent consisted of low quality brick tea which did not figure in English imports. 1 Harry Parkes observed this phenomenon in a later period and explained it as follows: 'Tea forms, as is well known, the principal article of the l Trusevich, pp. 270-1. 46 THE KIAKHTA TRADE Kiakhta trade, and there appears no reason to doubt the general statement given by the Chinese that the Russians derive their teas from the same places that we do; viz.

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