Read e-book online Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short PDF

By Jonathan Barnes

The impression of Aristotle, the prince of philosophers, at the highbrow background of the West is moment to none. during this e-book, Jonathan Barnes examines Aristotle's medical researches, his discoveries in good judgment and his metaphysical theories, his paintings in psychology and in ethics and politics, and his principles approximately artwork and poetry, putting his teachings of their old context.

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Additional resources for Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

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For Xenophon, however, although Cyrus’s status as a noble ruler and an object for his subjects’ admiration is certainly open to suspicion and undercut by many of his own hidden actions, it is by no means a pure illusion or manipulation of appearances. In Machiavelli’s new science of politics, the first step in the conquest of human nature is to strip it of its noble pretensions and bring it face to face with its fear of extinction. As we consider at length in Chapter 3, Aristotle argues in Book 1 of the Politics that there is certainly room for the art of political construction and fabrication – what Machiavelli comprehends as the mastery of Fortuna – in statesmanship.

The loving prince (Machiavelli’s 28 is there an ontology of tyranny? example is Scipio Africanus the Elder, disciple of Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus and immortalized in Cicero’s Dream of Scipio as the ancestor who comes in a dream to Scipio the Younger) believes he can trust his subjects’ love for him as he stands revealed in his splendor for having successfully ascended the ladder of the soul from lower to higher virtues, from battlefield courage to the civic virtues to the life of the mind in its access to the eternity of the divinely ordered cosmos.

34 Consider Newell (2009a, 2006). 35 Gadamer (1975) p. 273. 24 introduction Accordingly, the essays in this book are not written as a chronological sequence in which I try to show, step by step, how Plato influenced Aristotle and how Machiavelli influenced Hobbes. I am indeed clustering these studies around a break between ancients and moderns that I argue is fundamental, the modern project for the conquest of nature. Each study, however, as the reader will discover, is a more-or-less selfcontained reflection in which classical texts are paired with modern texts in the hope of opening up a deeper vein of insight into how moderns differ from ancients.

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