Argument and Rhetoric: Adverbial Connectors in the History - download pdf or read online

By Ursula Lenker

The e-book is the 1st corpus-based research giving a entire assessment of English goods that have been used as adverbial connectors ('conjuncts', 'linking adverbials'), from previous English to Present-Day English. the writer analyses various features of the makeup, capabilities and use of connectives, and considers morphological and syntactic elements in addition to pragmatic, textlinguistic and socio-cultural features.

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Extra resources for Argument and Rhetoric: Adverbial Connectors in the History of English

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Classification of adverbials 37 (30) The Yard’s wonder boy, appropriately, descended from the clouds. Paraphrase: ‘(I, the speaker, think that) it was appropriate that the Yard’s wonder boy descended from the clouds’. The other kind of stance adverbials (Quirk’s “style disjuncts”) convey a speaker’s comment on the style or form of the utterance, often clarifying how the speaker is speaking or how the utterance should be understood: (31) Frankly, . Paraphrases: (a) ‘Frankly speaking, I’m tired’.

He went home – for he had a headache’. instead of verb‑final, as in (20) Er ist nicht nach Hause gefahren, weil er Kopfweh hatte, (sondern weil er Besuch erwartet). ‘He didn’t go home because he had a headache (but because he is expecting visitors)’ The fairly new use of weil with main clause word order (mainly in spoken German) is certainly not as “bad” as some purist language users think (see also Keller 1993; or – for that matter – the Microsoft Word (version 2003) grammar check, which marks it as wrong in example 19).

It is a common – though still informal – structural device in German, in which the lexical item weil replaces the adverbial connectors denn or nämlich. Weil is not used in a wrong way, but has acquired a second function, different to its use as a subordinator. Since this is the path which depicts the history of many of today’s English adverbial connectors, it is important to summarize the main points of difference and change here. The examples first of all show that (19) provides two information entities, whereas the hypotaxis in (20) gives only one focus; see the focus of the negator nicht and the possible questions for (19) Ist Peter noch da?

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