By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this publication query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case reports from quite a few South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, in the end, easy methods to create networks that supply meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny might be conquer in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed by way of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as ability to arrive replacement and suggestive interpretations yet now not as final and certain destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick with they're relatively used as constitutive elements of extra advanced and connective materials. The papers integrated within the e-book are diversified in temporal and locational phrases. They conceal from so referred to as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of demonstrated, naturalized typologies that constrain the best way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their ingenious interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious due to their organization with colonial political narratives. in its place, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Extra info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
301). While site abandonment in the Amazon has been formerly explained as the result of adaptive problems (Meggers 1996), the new data seem to point to far more complex processes due to competition and political conflict, causing frequent settlement fractioning. “Such conflicts would emerge from a constant tension between, at one hand, centralizing centripetal hierarchical ideologies—verified in the archaeological record in, for instance, labor mobilization in mound building activities—and, at the other hand, centrifugal pulverized and uncontrollable household-based productive units” (Neves and Petersen 2006, p.
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