By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and international weather switch have figured prominently in clinical research and overseas policymaking because the early Nineteen Nineties. This booklet formulates expertise ideas that may result in environmentally sustainable strength platforms, in accordance with an research of worldwide weather swap matters utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors specialise in environmentally suitable, long term know-how advancements in the worldwide power approach, whereas additionally contemplating elements of financial and social sustainability. The authors examine plenty of replacement eventualities and illustrate the variations among those who meet the standards for sustainable improvement and those who don't. due to their research, they determine a number of promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in line with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a know-how swap standpoint. The authors suggest formidable goals for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental ambitions. even if the optimum coverage combine to pursue those objectives is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in know-how functionality advancements and the advertising of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage thoughts with a view to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, power economics, and expertise switch and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable ebook.
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Additional resources for Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios
6). By the same token, the SD scenarios feature narrow ranges around high median future market shares of hydrogen-based fuel cells. Their minimum share in total electricity generation (in this set of scenarios) increases from 18 per cent in 2050 to 35 per cent in 2100. The mitigation scenarios show rather small market shares (up to 11 per cent) of fossil-fuel power plants, and their market shares spread over a wide range in high-impact scenarios (ranging from zero per cent to 49 per cent in 2100).
The two scenarios of this family reflect two possible developments of nuclear energy technology. IIASA-WEC C1 The IIASA-WEC C1 scenario reflects the present reservations of environmentalists against nuclear energy. It assumes that the public acceptance of this technology will remain low and that therefore nuclear energy is phased out entirely by the end of the 21st century. IIASA-WEC C2 In IIASA-WEC C2, a new generation of advanced nuclear reactors is developed. The basic role of nuclear energy is the same as in A1T (see the description above), that is, it is widely accepted.
Up to 2020, the structure of energy supply and end use remains closer to the current situation. After that time, oil and gas maintain a significant share in the global primary-energy mix up to about 2070. 1 Technology improvement rates in IIASA’s high-impact scenarios relative to all SRES scenarios Technology Improvement Rates SRES-A2 SRES-B2 SRES-A1B SRES-A1G SRES-A1C WEC-A1 WEC-A2 WEC-B Coal Oil Gas Non-fossil Average Low High Low High Average High Low–Average Low Average High Very High Low High Low Low Low Average–High High Very High Low High Low Average Low–Average Average High Median Low Average–Low Low Average are being utilized.