A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 by Michael D. Bordo, Anna J. Schwartz PDF

By Michael D. Bordo, Anna J. Schwartz

This can be a well timed evaluate of the top-rated overlaying the one hundred ten years of its operation until eventually 1931, while Britain deserted it in the middle of the melancholy. present dissatisfaction with floating charges of alternate has spurred curiosity in a go back to a commodity general. The experiences during this quantity have been designed to achieve a greater figuring out of the ancient most fulfilling, yet in addition they throw gentle at the query of even if restoring it this present day may perhaps support therapy inflation, excessive rates of interest, and occasional productiveness progress. the quantity contains a assessment of the literature at the classical most beneficial; experiences the event with gold in England, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and Canada; and views on overseas linkages and the soundness of price-level traits less than the top of the line. The articles and commentaries mirror powerful, conflicting perspectives between hte contributors on problems with crucial financial institution habit, purchasing-power an interest-rate parity, self reliant financial guidelines, financial progress, the "Atlantic economy," and traits in commodity costs and long term rates of interest. it is a considerate and provocative e-book.

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Extra resources for A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report)

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64n) Hume also discussed the law of one price, viz. any man who travels over Europe at this day, may see, by the prices of commodities, that money ... has brought itself nearly to a level; and that the difference between one kingdom and another is not greater in this respect, than it is often between different provinces of the same kingdom.... The only circumstances which can obstruct the exactness of these proportions [between money and real economic activity] is the expense of transporting the commodities from one place to another.

The very conception of trying to determine the correct price somehow violates the mystique of the standard. The price then becomes a political decision, the opposite of the freedom of the standard from political influence that untlerlay its mystique. For the purpose of this analysis, assume the following solution: let the inflation rate of the general price level be reduced to zero; the price of gold at that time would be the correct price at which to resume. Once a price for gold is determined, the principal central banks, it has been suggested, should proceed to peg it.

Thornton [1802] 1978, pp. 260-61) Finally, he argued that under a specie standard, one country alone can affect world (traded) goods prices only to the extent that it has monopoly power in their production. Great Britain may have this power in the short run, but in the long run the existence of substitutes will diminish the power. Policy Considerations Thornton was one of the first to recognize the possibility of a conflict between external and internal policy goals. In the case of an unfavorable balance of trade caused by an exogenous event such as a harvest failure, the central bank could respond to the resulting gold outflow by reducing the money supply, but taking such a course of action might depress domestic activity.

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